"Temporally Coherent Completion of Dynamic Shapes"
Hao Li, Linjie Luo, Daniel Vlasic, Pieter Peers, Jovan Popović, Mark Pauly, and Szymon Rusinkiewicz

ACM Transactions on Graphics, Volume 31, Issue 1, Article 2, February 2012
We present a novel shape completion technique for creating temporally coherent watertight surfaces from real-time captured dynamic performances. Because of occlusions and low surface albedo, scanned mesh sequences typically exhibit large holes that persist over extended periods of time. Most conventional dynamic shape reconstruction techniques rely on template models or assume slow deformations in the input data. Our framework sidesteps these requirements and directly initializes shape completion with topology derived from the visual hull. To seal the holes with patches that are consistent with the subject's motion, we first minimize surface bending energies in each frame to ensure smooth transitions across hole boundaries. Temporally coherent dynamics of surface patches are obtained by unwarping all frames within a time window using accurate inter-frame correspondences. Aggregated surface samples are then filtered with a temporal visibility kernel that maximizes the use of non-occluded surfaces. A key benefit of our shape completion strategy is that it does not rely on long-range correspondences or a template model. Consequently, our method does not suffer from error accumulation typically introduced by noise, large deformations, and drastic topological changes. We illustrate the effectiveness of our method on several high-resolution scans of human performances captured with a state-of-the-art multi-view 3D acquisition system.

Supplementary Material
author = {Li, Hao and Luo, Linjie and Vlasic, Daniel and Peers, Pieter and Popovi\'{c}, Jovan and Pauly, Mark and Rusinkiewicz, Szymon},
title = {Temporally Coherent Completion of Dynamic Shapes},
month = {February},
year = {2012},
articleno = {2},
journal = {ACM Transactions on Graphics},
volume = {31},
number = {1},
doi = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2077341.2077343},