"An Adaptive BRDF Fitting Metric"
James C. Bieron, and Pieter Peers

Computer Graphics Forum, Volume 39, Issue 4, July 2020
We propose a novel image-driven fitting strategy for isotropic BRDFs. Whereas existing BRDF fitting methods minimize a cost function directly on the error between the fitted analytical BRDF and the measured isotropic BRDF samples, we also take into account the resulting material appearance in visualizations of the BRDF. This change of fitting paradigm improves the appearance reproduction fidelity, especially for analytical BRDF models that lack the expressiveness to reproduce the measured surface reflectance. We formulate BRDF fitting as a two-stage process that first generates a series of candidate BRDF fits based only on the BRDF error with measured BRDF samples. Next, from these candidates, we select the BRDF fit that minimizes the visual error. We demonstrate qualitatively and quantitatively improved fits for the Cook-Torrance and GGX microfacet BRDF models. Furthermore, we present an analysis of the BRDF fitting results, and show that the image-driven isotropic BRDF fits generalize well to other light conditions, and that depending on the measured material, a different weighting of errors with respect to the measured BRDF is necessary.

Supplementary Material
Related Publications
  • James C. Bieron, and Pieter Peers, "An Adaptive Metric for BRDF Appearance Matching", Eurographics Workshop on Material Appearance Modeling, June 2020,
author = {Bieron, James C. and Peers, Pieter},
title = {An Adaptive BRDF Fitting Metric},
month = {July},
year = {2020},
journal = {Computer Graphics Forum},
volume = {39},
number = {4},
doi = {http://doi.org/10.1111/cgf.14054},